In line with the country’s intention to empower and respond to the needs of the often invisible ‘other half’ of the population in the context of climate change, the national Climate Change and Gender Action Plan for Bangladesh (ccGAP: Bangladesh) has been prepared with an aim to ensure gender equality into climate change related policies, strategies and interventions. The underlying principle of the ccGAPs is the transformative nature of gender interventions. ccGAPs also have the potential to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of climate change and socioeconomic development responses.
The development of ccGAP followed a participatory process that included in-country meetings, stakeholder consultations involving the representatives from several ministries/government departments, civil society, academia, research institutions, local NGOs and international organizations, a desk review of several key reports, publications, websites, surveys and in-person interviews. A critical step in the implementation process is anchoring global agreements within national contexts-through the development of ccGAPs.
The ccGAP integrates gender considerations into four of the six main pillars as identified in the BCCSAP: (i) food security, social protection and health; (ii) comprehensive disaster management; (iii) infrastructure and (iv) mitigation and low carbon development. The remaining two pillars of the BCCSAP, those of research and knowledge management and capacity building and institutional strengthening, were main streamed within the above four pillars throughout the document as crosscutting topics.
The ccGAP establishes clear objectives, outlines substantive activities that are accompanied by reachable indicators within the ambit of the four pillars as identified and highlights the specific contribution women do and can make within each of these as well as the required interventions necessary to incorporate the role of women effectively over a timeframe of five years, from 2013/14-2018/19.